Beaumaris Conservation Society Inc. A0034887B  Victoria

 

Gramatan Avenue Heathland Sanctuary

 

This 1,375 square metre Heathland Sanctuary on the north side of Gramatan Avenue, Beaumaris, (Melway 86C6), about 50 metres east of Haydens Road (1-3 Gramatan Avenue), is a Bayside City Council reserve that protects over 50 species of indigenous heathland plant (Silky Heath community). It was established at the instigation of the Beaumaris Conservation Society (then named Beaumaris Tree Preservation Society), which leased it and managed it for its first 30 years as a Sanctuary. See the History of the Sanctuary below. 

It is representative of the extensive areas of such heathland that existed around the reserve shortly before it was bought by the former City of Sandringham in 1956. A list and descriptions of the plants, both indigenous and exotic, are available at the nearby Beaumaris Municipal Library (Corner of Gramatan Avenue and Reserve Road - Melway 86D6).  Many of the plants can be bought at the Bayside Community Plant Nursery.

Examples from Appendix 1 of "The Vegetation and Management of Gramatan Avenue Heathland Sanctuary, City of Sandringham, Victoria" by Mr Geoffrey W.Carr et al. for the former City of Sandringham, March 1991, are:

 

INDIGENOUS  PLANTS IN THE GRAMATAN AVENUE HEATHLAND SANCTUARY, BEAUMARIS, 1990

COMMON NAME

BOTANICAL FAMILY

GENUS & SPECIES

COMMENTS

 

DICOTYLEDONS

 

 

Karkalla

Aizoaceĉ

Carpobrotus rossii

 

Twiggy Daisy-bush

Asteraceĉ

Olearia ramulosa

 

Rough Fire-weed

Asteraceĉ

Senecio hispidulus

 

Green Sheoke

Casuarinaceĉ

Allocasuarina paradoxa

Significant species in that it is seriously depleted in the Greater Melbourne Metropolitan Area

Bundled Guinea-flower

Dilleniaceĉ

Hibbertia prostrata

Significant species in that it is seriously depleted in the Greater Melbourne Metropolitan Area

Silky Guinea-flower

Dilleniaceĉ

Hibbertia sericea

Bright yellow flowers

Common Heath

Epacridaceĉ

Epacris impressa

Victoria's Floral Emblem, but with white rather than pink bell-shaped flowers. Flowers in June and July.

Coast Beard-heath

Epacridaceĉ

Leucopogon parviflorus

White flowers and sweet edible berries

Common Beard-heath

Epacridaceĉ

Leucopogon virgatus

White flowers

Prickly Broom-heath

Epacridaceĉ

Monotoca scoparia

 

Wedding Bush

Euphorbiaceĉ

Ricinocarpus pinifolius

Significant species in that it is seriously depleted in the Greater Melbourne Metropolitan Area

Broom Spurge

Euphorbiaceĉ

Amperea xiphoclada

 

Common Aotus

Fabaceĉ

Aotus ericoides

Significant species in that it is seriously depleted in the Greater Melbourne Metropolitan Area

Showy Bossiaea

Fabaceĉ

Bossiaea cinerea

Significant species in that it is seriously depleted in the Greater Melbourne Metropolitan Area

Smooth Parrot-pea

Fabaceĉ

Dillwynia glaberrima

Red and yellow flowers

Common Wedge-pea

Fabaceĉ

Gompholobium huegelii

Significant species in that it is seriously depleted in the Greater Melbourne Metropolitan Area

Common Flat-pea

Fabaceĉ

Platylobium obtusangulum

Red and yellow flowers

Slender Dodder-laurel

Lauraceĉ

Cassytha glabella

 

Downy Dodder-laurel

Lauraceĉ

Cassytha pubescens

 

Coast Wattle

Mimosaceĉ

Acacia sophorae

Yellow flowers

Prickly Tea-tree

Myrtaceĉ

Leptospermum continentale

White flowers

Coast Tea-tree

Myrtaceĉ

Leptospermum laevigatum

White flowers

Heath Tea-tree

Myrtaceĉ

Leptospermum myrsinoides

White flowers

Love Creeper

Polygalaceĉ

Comesperma volubile

 

Silver Banksia

Proteaceĉ

Banksia marginata

Flowers form in large yellow cones

Common Correa

Rutaceĉ

Correa reflexa

 

 

MONOCOTYLEDONS

 

 

Little Club-sedge

Cyperaceĉ

Isolepsis marginata

 

Sand-hill Sword-sedge

Cyperaceĉ

Lepidosperma concavum

 

Variable Sword-sedge

Cyperaceĉ

Lepidosperma laterale

 

Wire Rapier-sedge

Cyperaceĉ

Lepidosperma semiteres

 

Short Purple-flag

Iridaceĉ

Patersonia fragilis

 

Toad Rush

Juncaceĉ

Juncus bufonius

 

Milkmaids

Liliaceĉ

Burchardia umbrellata

 

Pale Grass-lily

Liliaceĉ

Caesia parviflora

 

Black-anther Flax-lily

Liliaceĉ

Dianella revoluta

 

Twining Fringe-lily

Liliaceĉ

Thysanotus patersonii

 

Wallflower Orchid

Orchidaceae

Diuris corymbosa

 

Slender Onion-orchid

Orchidaceĉ

Microtis parviflora

 

Common Onion-orchid

Orchidaceĉ

Microtis unifolia

 

Slender Sun-orchid

Orchidaceĉ

Thelymitra pauciflora

 

Coast Blown-grass

Poaceĉ

Agrostis billardieri

 

Bristly Wallaby-grass

Poaceĉ

Danthonia setacea

 

Reed Bent-grass

Poaceaĉ

Deyeuxia quadriseta

 

Long-hair Plume-grass

Poaceĉ

Dichelachne crinita

 

Weeping Grass

Poaceĉ

Microlaena stipoides

 

Supple Spear-grass

Poaceĉ

Stipa mollis

 

Tassel Rope-rush

Restionaceĉ

Hypolaena fastigiata

 

Small Grass-tree

Xanthorrhoeaceĉ

Xanthorrhoea minor

Significant species in that it is seriously depleted in the Greater Melbourne Metropolitan Area

 

 

 

 

EXOTIC PLANTS IN THE GRAMATAN AVENUE HEATHLAND SANCTUARY, BEAUMARIS, 1990

 

DICOTYLEDONS

 

 

Ivy

Araiaceĉ

Hedera helix

 

Cat's Ear

Asteraceĉ

Hypochoeris radicata

 

Rough Sow-thistle

Asteraceĉ

Sonchus asper

 

Milk Thistle

Asteraceĉ

Sonchus oleraceus

 

Garden Dandelion

Asteraceĉ

Taraxacum Sect. Vulgaria

 

Japanese Honeysuckle

Caprifoliaceĉ

Lonicera japonica

 

Common Mouse-ear Chickweed

Caryophyllaceĉ

Cerastium glomeratum

 

Four-leaved Allseed

Caryophyllaceĉ

Polycarpon tetraphyllum

 

Chickweed

Caryophyllaceĉ

Stellaria media

 

Wandering Jew

Commelinaceĉ

Tradescantia fluminensis

 

Cluster Clover 

Fabaceĉ

Trifolium  glomeratum

 

Creeping Wood-sorrell

Oxilidaceĉ

Oxalis corniculata sensu stricto

 

Pink Shamrock

Oxilidaceĉ

Oxalis corymbosa

 

Sweet Pittosporum

Pittosporaceĉ

Pittosporum undulatum

 

Buck's-horn Plantain

Plantageniceĉ

Plantago coronopus

 

New Zealand Creeper

Polygalaceĉ

Muehlenbeckia complexa

 

Sheep  Sorrel

Polygonaceĉ

Rumex acetosella spp. agg.

 

Fiddle Dock

Polygonaceĉ

Rumex pulcher

 

Cotoneaster

Roseaceĉ

Cotoneaster glaucophyllus

 

Cotoneaster

Roseaceĉ

Cotoneaster pannosus

 

Apple

Roseaceĉ

Malus domestica  (hybrid)

 

Cherry Plum

Roseaceĉ

Prunus cerasifera

 

Plum

Roseaceĉ

Prunus sp.

 

Blackberry

Roseaceĉ

Rubus procerus

 

Mirror Bush

Rubiaceĉ

Coprosma repens

 

Wall Speedwell

Scrophulariaceĉ

Veronica arvensis

 

Pampas Lily-of-the-Valley

Solanaceĉ

Salpichroa origanifolia

 

Black Nightshade

Solanaceĉ

Solanum nigrum

 

Fragrant Violet

Violaceĉ

Viola odorata

 

 

MONOCOTYLEDONS

 

 

New Zealand Cabbage Tree

Agavaceĉ

Cordyline australis

 

Drain Flat-sedge

Cyperaceĉ

Cyperus eragrostis

 

Freesia

Iridaceĉ

Freesia leichtlinii

 

Smilax Asparagus  
(Bridal Creeper)

Liliaceĉ

Myrsiphyllum asparagoides

 

Asparagus

Liliaceĉ

Myrsiphyllum scandens

 

Brown top Bent

Poaceĉ

Agrostis capillarus

 

Silvery Hair-grass

Poaceĉ

Aira caryophyllea

 

Large Quaking-grass

Poaceĉ

Briza maxima

 

Lesser Quaking-grass

Poaceĉ

Briza minor

 

Prairie Grass

Poaceĉ

Bromus catharticus

 

Great Brome

Poaceĉ

Bromus diandrus

 

Couch (Quitch, Twitch)

Poaceĉ

Cynodon dactylon

 

Summer Grass

Poaceĉ

Digitaria sanguinalis

 

Panic Veldt Grass

Poaceĉ

Ehrata erecta

 

Annual Veldt Grass

Poaceĉ

Ehata longiflora

 

Yorkshire Fog

Poaceĉ

Holcus lanatus

 

Hare's TAil

Poaceĉ

Lagurus ovatus

 

Wimmera Rye-grass

Poaceĉ

Lolium rigidum

 

 

HISTORY  

1939 The Dunlop Rubber Company had acquired a large area of undeveloped land in Beaumaris, which included the land that now forms the Gramatan Avenue Heathland Sanctuary. In August 1939 it announced a plan to use that land as a site for the relocation of its large factory at Port Melbourne factory to Beaumaris. The start of World War II a month later resulted in that plan being abandoned, and the land later offered for sale as suburban building allotments, although very few sold until some time after the end of World War II in 1945.

1944 The site of the Heathland Sanctuary was burnt in the large Beaumaris bushfire of January 1944 as shown in the map at the end of the CSIRO Report on that fire. Australian heathland areas generally suffer no long-term harm from such fires as the heath soon regrows, and it usually benefits from the loss of non-heath competing species that can occur in such fires.

1951 A 1951 Victorian Government Lands Department aerial photograph of Beaumaris shows the large extent of undisturbed bushland still around the land that now forms the Sanctuary. Town planning then did not provide for a reserve in Beaumaris to protect the local heathland flora, which was fast disappearing with housing development.

1953 The Beaumaris Conservation Society (BCS), which was formed as the Beaumaris Tree Preservation Society in 1953, and the Native Plants Preservation Society, whose Secretary, Miss Winifred Waddell, had earlier succeeded in having a smaller area of heathland further east opposite 32 Gramatan Avenue, now known as the Winifred Waddell Wildflower Sanctuary, reserved for flora protection, chose this site. They also mobilized public interest over several years to encourage the City of Sandringham to purchase it, for the purpose of establishing a Heathland Sanctuary, from the Dunlop Rubber Company, which still owned large numbers of undeveloped house blocks as a legacy of the abandoned 1939 plan referred to above. The Society was assisted by support from Professor John Turner (Professor of Botany at the University of Melbourne), Mr (later Dr) Jim Willis (Assistant Government Botanist), and Mr (later Sir) Robert Blackwood (then General Manager of the Dunlop Rubber Company and later the inaugural Chancellor of Monash University).

1956 The City of Sandringham purchased this site and proposed to lease it to BCS, which undertook the responsibility for its management and fencing. BCS paid £463 towards the cost of the original mesh wire fencing, which is similar to the present fence around the Sanctuary.

1960 A 30-year period (1960-90) began when Sandringham City Council leased the site, at £5 per year, to BCS. The lease period was ten years, and the original 10-year lease was thus renewed twice. BCS Inc. records include a copy of the lease. The Sanctuary is shown at the left side of a 1963 Lands Department aerial photograph some two-thirds of the way down.

1988 BCS asked the City of Sandringham to change the Sanctuary land from its "Residential" zoning under the Planning Scheme to a "Conservation" zoning.

1989 BCS asked the Minister for Planning and Environment to approve the proposal by the City of Sandringham for a "Conservation" zoning.

1990 At the conclusion of the third ten-year period for which BCS had maintained its original 1960 lease of the land from Sandringham City Council, the Council resumed management of the Sanctuary, commissioned the Carr Report (above) on the vegetation in the Sanctuary, and later voted unanimously to support a "Conservation" zoning to retain the reserve as a Sanctuary for the indigenous heathland flora of Beaumaris, and to manage it with help from the local community and BCS. A "Gramatan Avenue Heathland Sanctuary Management Plan", November 1993, was produced by that Council's Gramatan Avenue Sanctuary Working Party and edited by its then Conservation Officer, Ms Lisa Milley.

That 1990 intention has been realized now that Bayside City Council, which succeeded the former Sandringham City Council as owner of the land in 1994, adopted a Management Plan for the Sanctuary, which it is implementing. Bayside City Council has ensured that the Sanctuary is now Zoned "Public Conservation and Resource Zone" under the Bayside Planning Scheme and has a Vegetation Protection Overlay Schedule 2 applying to it under that Scheme.

TIMES OF OPENING

First Sunday each month in Spring, 2-4 p.m., or by appointment: Bayside Council Parks and Conservation.

Telephone (03) 9584 5255, Fax (03) 9598 4474.

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